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The Obtain: exascale computing, and AI takes on geometry

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The Obtain: exascale computing, and AI takes on geometry

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That is as we speak’s version of The Obtain, our weekday publication that gives a each day dose of what’s occurring on the planet of expertise.

Exascale computer systems: 10 Breakthrough Applied sciences 2024

In Could 2022, the worldwide supercomputer rankings have been shaken up by the launch of Frontier. It’s the quickest supercomputer on the planet, and might carry out as many calculations in a single second as 100,000 laptops.

With its launch, the period of exascale computing formally started. A number of extra such exascale computer systems will quickly be a part of its ranks, from the US, Europe, and reportedly additionally China. Scientists and engineers are keen to make use of these turbocharged computer systems to advance a variety of fields. And the progress received’t cease right here. Learn the total story.

—Sophia Chen

Exascale computer systems is one among MIT Know-how Evaluate’s 10 Breakthrough Applied sciences for 2024. Try the remainder of the checklist and vote for the ultimate eleventh breakthrough—we’ll reveal the winner in April.

+ What’s subsequent for the world’s quickest supercomputers. Scientists have begun operating experiments on the world’s first official exascale machine, whereas services worldwide construct different machines to hitch the ranks. Learn the total story.

Google DeepMind’s new AI system can remedy advanced geometry issues

The information: Google DeepMind has created an AI system that may remedy advanced geometry issues. This system combines a language mannequin with a sort of AI referred to as a symbolic engine, which makes use of symbols and logical guidelines to make deductions. These two approaches work collectively to resolve troublesome mathematical issues.

Why it issues: Arithmetic serves as an vital benchmark to gauge progress in AI intelligence. This new program is a big step in the direction of machines with extra human-like reasoning expertise. Learn the total story.

—June Kim

How scorching salt may remodel nuclear energy

For greater than a month in whole, 12 metric tons of molten salt coursed by pipes at Kairos Energy in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

The corporate is growing a brand new kind of nuclear reactor that shall be cooled utilizing this salt combination, and its first large-scale take a look at cooling system simply accomplished 1,000 hours of operation in early January. That is the second main milestone for Kairos in latest weeks. In December, the US Nuclear Regulatory Fee granted a building allow for the corporate’s first nuclear take a look at reactor.

Nuclear energy vegetation can present a gradual supply of carbon-free power, however tasks to construct them have been affected by delays and skyrocketing budgets. Kairos hopes to vary nuclear powers’ fortunes with a brand new model of the expertise that would minimize prices and building occasions. Learn the total story.

—Casey Crownhart

To learn extra concerning the subsequent era of nuclear reactors, take a look at the newest version of The Spark, our weekly local weather and power publication. Join to obtain it in your inbox each Wednesday.

A brand new AI-based danger prediction system may assist catch lethal pancreatic most cancers circumstances earlier

What’s occurred: A brand new AI system may assist detect the most typical type of pancreatic most cancers, new analysis has discovered. The system outperformed present diagnostic requirements and might be utilized in a scientific setting to determine sufferers who would profit from early screening or testing, serving to catch the illness earlier and save lives.

How they did it: The researchers fed two AI fashions anonymized knowledge from 6 million digital well being data, 35,387 of which have been pancreatic most cancers circumstances, from 55 health-care organizations within the US. The neural community recognized 35% of sufferers who had the illness as excessive danger 6 to 18 months earlier than they have been identified, in comparison with present screening tips of 10%. Learn the total story.

—Rhiannon Williams

The must-reads

I’ve combed the web to seek out you as we speak’s most enjoyable/vital/scary/fascinating tales about expertise.

1 Garbled AI-generated textual content is taking on the net Notably mistranslations of languages spoken in Africa and the International South. (Motherboard)
+ We’re hurtling towards a glitchy, spammy, scammy, AI-powered web. (MIT Know-how Evaluate)

2 A challenge to construct a chip manufacturing facility in Arizona has run into problem
TSMC stated it’s prone to miss but extra deadlines to get it up-and-running. (WSJ $)+ China might be staring down the barrel of extra restrictions. (CNBC)
+ The $100 billion guess {that a} postindustrial US metropolis can reinvent itself as a high-tech hub. (MIT Know-how Evaluate)

3 It seems to be like China may attain the moon earlier than the US 
The nation’s fast progress has US politicians rattled. (WP $)
+ In the meantime, Astrobotic’s failed lunar lander is because of fritter away tomorrow. (TechCrunch)

4 Sheryl Sandberg is leaving Meta’s board
After 12 years advising the corporate. (BBC)
+ Her departure comes as Meta totally focuses its attentions on AI. (WP $)

5 Samsung’s new telephones are filled with AI options
It’s attempting to safe an early lead as the primary smartphone agency to completely embrace AI. (Bloomberg $)+ The telephones can translate calls in actual time and velocity up search. (WSJ $)
+ The smartphone market isn’t wanting too scorching lately. (FT $)

6 Google continues to be retaining abortion clinic location knowledge
A yr and a half after promising to delete it. (The Guardian)
+ Google has been pressured to make it clearer that it tracks Incognito Mode customers. (Wired $)

7 What comes after Ozempic?
Sufferers taking the drug will see a slow-down of their weight reduction. New medicine may enable them to maintain shedding the kilos. (The Atlantic $)
+ However the long-term well being impacts of those medicine are nonetheless unknown. (MIT Know-how Evaluate)

8 Spotify doesn’t care about area of interest artists
Its plans to cull tracks below a sure listening threshold confirms it. (FT $)

9 The JWST is popping all the pieces we all know concerning the universe on its head
Astronomers’ predictions aren’t matching their observations. (Vox)
+ How the James Webb House Telescope broke the universe. (MIT Know-how Evaluate)

10 Right here’s methods to use your gadgets much less
However nonetheless get all the pieces carried out. (NYT $)
+ The way to log out. (MIT Know-how Evaluate)

Quote of the day

“Pupil ought to look ‘studenty’ and have a healthy-looking BMI.”

—A doc from meals supply robotic firm Starship obtained by 404 Media instructs a public college to advertise its service on campus with pictures and movies that includes a really particular type of pupil.

The massive story

The way forward for open supply continues to be very a lot in flux

August 2023 

When Xerox donated a brand new laser printer to MIT in 1980, the corporate couldn’t have identified that the machine would ignite a revolution.

Whereas the early a long time of software program growth typically ran on a tradition of open entry, this new printer ran on inaccessible proprietary software program, a lot to the horror of Richard M. Stallman, then a 27-year-old programmer on the college.

A couple of years later, Stallman launched GNU, an working system designed to be a free different to one of many dominant working programs on the time: Unix. The free-software motion was born, with a easy premise: for the great of the world, all code must be open.

Forty years later, tech firms are making billions on proprietary software program, and far of the expertise round us is inscrutable. However whereas Stallman’s motion might appear to be a failed experiment, the free and open-source software program motion shouldn’t be solely alive and nicely; it has turn out to be a keystone of the tech trade. Learn the total story.

—Rebecca Ackermann

We are able to nonetheless have good issues

A spot for consolation, enjoyable and distraction in these bizarre occasions. (Bought any concepts? Drop me a line or tweet ’em at me.)

+ Being cringe is cool—I promise.
+ Mob spouse stylish is the most recent magnificence pattern gripping the web, and we’ve got The Sopranos to thank.
+ Get pleasure from some comforting pasta recipes to brighten up these chilly months.
+ William Shatner is one man who actually lives life to its fullest.
+ It’s time to get excited: The White Lotus is heading again to our display quickly, however not quickly sufficient.



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